How to Plant a Banana
Banana is a tropical plant, which means it prefers the corresponding humid and warm climate. At home, it is possible to recreate a microclimate suitable for a banana plant. Remember, a banana is a herb and therefore more demanding in nursing.
In fact, the indoor banana can be grown in two ways. A banana at home can be planted with a seed, or you can buy a ready-made specimen. It must be borne in mind that it will be different plants. By purchasing banana seeds, you will plant a wild, un-cultivated subspecies, more robust and viable, but such bananas have inedible fruits filled with seeds. In the garden stores often sell selection varieties of bananas, which reproduce vegetatively and after flowering can please you with real homemade edible bananas.
A dwarf banana at home
There are specially bred dwarf varieties of banana, designed for growing a house, less demanding and resistant to disease, for example, the Kiev dwarf, the Super dwarf. These varieties reach a small height of up to 1.5 and are quite suitable for growing in an apartment setting.
Cultivation of banana from seeds
Having purchased the seeds of a banana plant and carefully considering them you will notice that they have a fairly strong shell, which needs scarification. First, you need to slightly damage a strong shell using, for example, a nail file or a needle. Puncture the seed is not necessary, there will be enough scratches that the future sprout could crack the shell.
For planting seeds, choose small pots, about 10 cm in diameter for each banana seed, or you can use long flower boxes for several seeds, observing a distance of about 15 cm between them. For the substrate when germinating a mixture of river sand and peat 4: 1 is suitable, no additional fertilizing is necessary, make good drainage. Seeds spread on the surface of the moistened substrate and slightly press them, not falling asleep on top, leaving access for light.
Growing Banana from Seed at Home
Pots with seeds cover with a film and put in a bright place, but without direct sunlight. Every few days, ventilate the pots, when drying, spray the substrate from the spray gun. Do not overmoisten and decay the soil. When mold appears, the affected area of the substrate must be removed and the entire surface treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
When growing a banana at home from the seed, the emergence of sprouts will have to wait a long time: 2-3 months. However, after the emergence of shoots, rapid growth of the plant will begin, after about a week young bananas must be transplanted into the ground.
If you set out to grow your own edible bananas or just want to avoid possible failures when planting seeds, it is possible to purchase an already grown banana of indoor fruit subspecies. Under certain conditions of cultivation and with proper care, it is possible to achieve the flowering and fruiting of bananas in a normal apartment.
Conditions of cultivation and care of a banana in the room conditions.
After buying a banana tree, keep it for a few days at home, at the place where it will grow in the future. Then the purchased plant must be transplanted. In a pot of 5-7 liters, make a drain using claydite, pour the expanded clay with a small layer of sand. As a soil for a banana, a simple earth from a deciduous forest, with the addition of humus 1:10, or you can buy a flower mixture in a garden store, is suitable.
Banana, like in the cultivation of avocados at home, requires frequent spraying of leaves with water and abundant watering. In this case, soil should not be allowed to rot, and make sure that water freely leaves through the drainage holes. To improve growth, especially during the flowering period, a banana can be fed with organic fertilizers about once a week. Suitable air temperature for a banana is 25-30 degrees Celsius. Good lighting is necessary without direct sunlight. In summer, a banana can be taken out on a balcony in a light, but shaded place. Like any house plant banana does not tolerate drafts.
In a comfortable environment and with careful care, the banana grows very quickly. With the formation of 15-18 leaves at home, a banana plant usually starts to bloom and bear fruit.
Observing simple recommendations for caring for a banana tree and taking proper care, it is easy to grow your own bananas at home. Here you will learn how to grow bananas in nature in the open, their botanical nature and description.